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JBer&eris.]                              FLORA ITCDICA.                                      225
crssse coriacea, -f~3 unc. longa, aristata v. apice inermi, varie grosse spinuloso-den-
tata v. integerrima, subtus glauca, alba., sicco utriuque pallida. floret parvuli, ^-^
unc. diaaaetro, iu eorlem ramulo fasciculati et corymboso-racemosi, fasciculis race-
misve foliis brevioribus, pcdicellis rubris glaucisve rigidis £-l-polliearibus. Stamina
nt in B. vulyari, BOCCCB rnbrae v. nigrse, glaucaj v. nitidse, magnitudine varise, stylo
distincto stiginateque discoideo terminataj.
Though difficult to define by words, this species may be distinguished in all states
from B. aristata. by its pale bark, smaller, often 5-fid spines, extremely hard, coria-
ceous, strongly nerved and reticulated leaves, that are lacimose on the surface, pale
aud very glaucous below, and by the mucji snorter racemes or fascicles of more nu-
merous flowers.
B. Asiatic* ^fleets dry rocky places, seldom attaining a great elevation, aud is
found neither in Sikkim, the Khasia, nor the peninsula, whereas it abounds on the
summit of Parasuath in Bnhar, and occurs in the dry Himalayan valleys of Bhotau
und Nepal, and thence westward to Afghanistan, though wo have seen no specimens
from the country between the Indus and Satlej. The hurries arc often large and
6, B. Lycium (Boyle! HI. 64); spinis mediocribus trifidis, foliis
atiguste v. obovato-lanceolatis iutegerriiuis v. spinoso-dentatis pungen-
tibus pallidis subtus glaucis, floribus corymboso-racemosis, pedicellis
elongatis, baccis ovoideis stylo distincto.—Royle> in Linn. 8oc. Trans.
xvii. 94«.
HAB. In apricis Himalaya subtropical et toinperatsc vulgahs: Garh-
\vals 8500 ped., JRaytef Sir. et Wint.l Simla, 3-9000 pccC! Jamu,
3-1000 pcilJ Kishtwar, 2500-0000 pod.! Kashmir, 5000 ped.; Marri,
Vlmvag!—(Fl. Apr. Mai.; ir. Jan. JuL) (??. v.\
Frutievlus rigidns, romulisVirgatis, cortice pallido. jpl>/ta 6-8 fasciculata, l£-2£-
polUcaria, ^ vix i poll, lata, pallida, laxe venosa, sulrfus glaiica, plerumqoe integ^r-
rimo, pungentia, rarins yarie spiiiuloso-dcutata. Sawn* suepius folio longiores, mnl-
tiflori, louge pcdunculati, en'Cti v. mil antes, deirmm pcnduli, pcdicelli elongati, soli-
tarii v. fascieulati. Fructus violaccus, glauous, 2-t-spcrums,
This is a very distinct-looking form, of which we Imvc. a profusion of specimens
from all the localities indicated, It frequents sunny places at elevations between
2500 and 9000 foet, whence the specimens at tho lu\u;«t elevations are often fruit-
mg whilst those at the upper are iu flower. The narrow, entire, not lacunose
leave?, pale colour, and copious small flowers, well distinguish it from the ordinary
titato of B. Matica; but there are states with broader, more coriaceous, and more
reticulated loaves, that are difficult of disirimination. Other states resemble forms
of £. ari&tatd> var. mcrantha, and still others the 7?. vulff&ns, var. Creiica>t fronr
which, however, the Style and stigma always distinguish it. The broader, paler
leaves cfciefly <in the absence of fruit) distinguish it frqm the B. Chi*en$i*. JE?. co-
riacea, Boyle, msa., which we have included under R, aristata, var. fajonbund'a,
may bo referable to this, but we arc inclined to think not.
§ 2. PedMUfwciculati, wii/lori (vide B. Asiaticam in § 1).
71 B* Wattichiana (DC. Prodr. i. 107); sempcrvirens, spinis gra-
cilibua fc-6-tidi*, foliis fasciculatis late orbiculari- v. oblongo-elliptieis
laftceolatisTe utrinque acuminatis varie grosse spinuloso-serratis ntrin-
que lucidis, pedicefiia plurimis aggregatis brevibus. baoca stiarmate pub-'
«essili terminata.
a. atroviridis; ramulis angulatia, foliis H-4-pollicaribus wucuu-
latis v. anguste obovatis spinuloao-aeiratis.—B. atroviridis, Wall. mss.